In tracing the shifting status of things as commodities, gifts, and resources in their circulations through different contexts, Appadurai presumes very little about the governance of a controlling narrative of macroprocess in capitalist political economy but allows the sense of system to emerge ethnog- raphically and speculatively by following paths of circulation. They experience the process of performance appraisals as mere formalism. Reading for the plot and then testing this against the reality of ethnographic investigation that constructs its sites accord- ing to a compelling narrative is an interesting, virtually untried mode of constructing multi-sited research. Unfortunately, there are many more concepts and visions for doing multi- sited ethnography than there are achieved exemplars see next section. Other disciplines political science, media studies, cultural studies have increasingly turned to 'ethnographic' approaches, premised on those that have been developed in anthropology. Cultural uolitics and bio- logical diversit : state, capital, and social movements in the Pacific coast of Colum- bia. They draw on a wealth of experience using well-established as well as emerging qualitative research methods.
How can digital ethnography enrich and inform mobile ethnography? In this paper we cannot delve into all the problems arising in such a site. Themes of interest were identified through content and discourse analysis — exploring what and how people converse when it comes to food, and food purchases. Testing the Limits of Ethnography Ethnography is predicated upon attention to the everyday, an intimate knowl- edge of face-to-face communities and groups. Strate- gies of quite literally following connections, associations, and putative rela- tionships are thus at the very heart of designing multi-sited ethnographic research. This methodological case study provides insights to doing multi-sited ethnography and auto-ethnography and highlights some of the associated challenges and nuances. The circumstantial activist terminology is also interesting.
The consideration of this foreshortened version of the multi-sited project gives us the opportunity to ask what sorts of local knowledges are distinctively probed within the sites of any multi-sited ethnography. Copyright c 2005 Eva Nadai, Christoph Maeder This work is licensed under a. New York: The Politics of Timespace, ed. The idea that ethnography might expand from its committed localism to represent a system much better appre- hended by abstract models and aggregate statistics seems antithetical to its very nature and thus beyond its limits. In my study of the dynastic rich 62 , it is how the abstract management of wealth elsewhere subtly enters the daily lives of prominent families.
Cultural logics so much sought after in anthropol- ogy are always multiply produced, and any ethnographic account of these logics finds that they are at least partly constituted within sites of the so-called system i. Weapons of the Weak: Eve- ryday Forms of Peasant Resistance. This requires a more literal discussion of methodological issues, such as how to construct the multi- sited space through which the ethnographer traverses. This mode defines for itself an object of study that cannot be accounted for ethnographically by remaining focused on a single site of intensive investiga- tion. But this should not last longer than six months. Multispecies investigations of social and cultural phenomena are attentive to the agency of other-than-human species, whether they are plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, or even viruses, which confound the species concept. How has the shift to multi-sited ethnographic approaches been conducted and received in these disciplines? What effect has this methodological shift had on the distinctiveness of social anthropology, and on its interdisciplinary engagement.
Lindenbaum S, Lock M, eds. Contested Culture: The Image, the Voice, and the Lnw. . Her research focuses on the emergence and development of new forms of activism that range from grassroots patient empowerment to environmental activism and corporate-funded breast cancer awareness. Subjektivierung als Machtinstrument im Produktionsprozess. Yet, if such ethnogra- phy is to flourish in arenas that anthropology has defined as emblematic interests, it will soon have to become as multilingual as it is multi-sited. The sense of the system beyond the particular site of research remains contingent and not assumed.
Wallerstein's world system initiative 97 revived historically embedded social science gen- erally. A concept of culture as a theory of society cannot—in our view—be a goal of sociological ethnography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. They consider the implications of challenging human exceptionalism and the consequences of exercising power over life and death. One cannot 'be' either a cell or molecule-or a woman, colonized person, labourer, and so on-if one intends to see and see from these positions critically.
These two functions have been encompassed and related to each other within the frame of individual projects of research, thus making even more complex the trajectory of modes of ethnographic research that had already tended to be multi-sited in their construction of objects of study 77. Undoubtedly it has some intuitive persuasiveness, stemming from our everyday experience with the omnipresence of managerial rhetoric. Indeed, what goes on within a particular locale in which research is conducted is often calibrated with its implication for what goes on in another related locale, or other locales, even though the other locales may not be within the frame of the research design or resulting ethnog- raphy e. Press Plateaus: Caoitalism and Schizo~hrenia. Introduction Ethnography in the classical anthropological tradition has long aimed at giving holistic representations of more or less clearly bounded, fairly small groups. This case explains key features of multi-sited ethnography, providing insights into the enactment of policy and politics within and across a range of public administration spaces.
Does it really guide practical action and daily routines in observable ways? In anthropological work within the fiel'd of cultural studies of science and technology, the tendency toward multi-sited research is most prevalent in the following topical areas: the study of issues concerning reproduction and repro- ductive technologies originating in an important domain of feminist research in medical anthropology 38 ; epidemiological studies in medical anthropol- ogy 4a ; studies of new modes of electronic communication such as the Internet see e. The comparison served to obtain a more fine-grained picture of similar processes in different places. Wallerstein's commodity chain is hardly laid out with a specifically ethno- graphic sensibility, but it is clearly a blueprint appropriate for multi-sited research. What does such groping mean for the ethnographer? Ginsburg's study 34 of the abortion controversy in a small community and Gaines's study 32 of conflict over the legal status of cultural productions as copyrighted exemplify how law- and media-focused topics of ethnographic research ramify quickly into multi-sited terrains of investigation. Instead, multi-sited ethnography is intellectually con- structed in terms of the specific constructions and discourses appearing within a number of highly self-conscious interdisciplinary arenas that use the diverse high theoretical capital that inspires postmodernism to reconfigure the condi- tions for the study of contemporary cultures and societies.
This perspective leads us into the management ranks of private enterprises, where decisions regarding layoffs are taken, thus triggering careers of exclusion. Mediating culture: in- digenous media, ethnographic film, and the production of identity. Group and Class in the Life of Italian-Americans. In the first, Marcus shows how ethnographers' tradition of defining fieldwork in terms of peoples and places is now being challenged by the need to study culture by exploring connections, parallels, and contrasts among a variety of often seemingly incommensurate sites. Unpredictable policy effects are achieved variously by means of seduction, enrolment, and coercion that feature in these otherwise disparate spaces. Mittelweg, 36 4 , 6-25.
Haraway's discussion of positioning 46 is perhaps the most eloquent state- ment of the reflexive context and significance of multi-sited research. Beyond the context of the anthropology of law, most notable contested issues in contemporary society involve simultaneously spheres of everyday life, legal institutions, and mass media. Specifically, we explored how these types of consumers negotiate their food-related priorities and the cultural forces influencing their behavior. A number of journal special issues have emerged that are establishing this emerging subfield. Thus multi-sited ethnography is a powerful tool for building truly empirical grounded theories.